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There are three main types of stem cells in the human body in addition to the 216 cell types present. The three examples of stem cells include; totipotent stem cells, pluripotent stem cells, multipotent or adult stem cells. Totipotent cells have the absolute capacity and can form any tissue translating to organs. Pluripotent cells can form many tissue types while multipotent stem cells give rise to cells that are specialized for their functions.
Stem cells have been used for cell designation in early embryos giving rise to primitive germ cells. Below are some of the benefits of stem cell banking ;
The stem cell banking ensures that at a later time when any family member suffers from a blood disorder, there will be cells available to aid in the treatment. Stem cells have been known to treat well over 70 blood disorders and diseases. These may include sickle-cell anemia myeloma, leukemia, other forms of blood cancers and thalassemia.
There is a worldwide outcry due to the number of babies born with blood diseases that stands at a staggering 28 million. These disorders create the need for routine and occasional blood transfusions. As such, the banked stem cells are useful in combating these blood diseases.
Stem cells acquired from cord blood are clinically clean due to non-exposure to the environment. This means that they lack contaminants such as latent viruses. In their natural state, stem cells can morph, regenerate and differentiate into multiple blood cells in the body.
Currently, clinical trials stand at 3655 in number in the world aimed at using stem cells to treat numerous disorders. Stem cells have enough potential to treat chronic infections and oncological diseases.
Banking a baby’s stem cells creates a collective safety net not only for the whole family but also for the baby itself. The stem cells which will be readily available and accessible when required can be used for some treatments.
Blood-related relatives and family can also benefit from the stem cells as they can be a perfect match to receive the stem cells. Finding a compatible match might be a long process in the public domain and databases, but a private bank ensures that the family’s interests are preserved for when the need arises.
Stem cells from cord blood are genetically exclusive which means that are exclusive to family members related by blood to the baby. If a family is prone to congenital disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, heart disease, stroke and arthritis, children born into the family might suffer from them later.
Preservation of stem cells ensures that when the need arises, these stem cells can be relied upon to fight against these life-threatening diseases.
Many diseases today have been deemed incurable around the world. With the research going into stem cells, most of these diseases will soon be treatable hence the need to preserve stem cells from cord blood. As of now, scientists worldwide have been studying the therapeutic effects of stem cells on complex diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, spinal injury, Parkinson’s disease, and cerebral palsy. This has renewed the hope for these illnesses being treated.